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Tour Destination in Suwon: Traditional Chinese Garden in Wolhwawon Garden, Hyowon Park

WriterAdministratorDate12/10/2019

Suwon, the center of Gyeonggi-do, has numerous places to visit, with as much art and culture that have developed here.

Tour Destination in Suwon: Traditional Chinese Garden in Wolhwawon Garden, Hyowon Park

Traditional Chinese Garden in Wolhwawon Garden, Hyowon Park img

Suwon, the center of Gyeonggi-do, has numerous places to visit, with as much art and culture that have developed here.
In addition to popular tourist destinations such as Suwon Hwaseong Fortress and Hwaseong Haenggung Palace, Suwon has great places to enjoy your peaceful time here. In particular, you can enjoy traditional Chinese culture at Wolhwawon Garden of Hyowon Park.
While you can take photos of Korean tradition at Hwaseong Haenggung Palace, you can also take some unique photos of the exotic buildings at the traditional Chinese garden Wolhwawon Garden of Hyowon Park.

Traditional Chinese Garden in Wolhwawon Garden, Hyowon Park img

In Suwon, the home of filial piety, you can find many places commemorating the filial piety of King Jeongjo. One of these places is Hyowon Park, where several monuments symbolizing filial piety stand.
In addition to the Statue of Mother, you can see the Memorial Stone of Filial Piety and Tile Murals of the Tale of Shim Chong in the park. The park aspires to enlighten children about filial piety and encourage them to practice it.

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You can also see the Memorial Stone of King Jeongjo’s words about filial piety in front of the Statue of Mother. King Jeongjo wrote a poem (Hongjaejeonseo Vol. 7) about his love for his parents on his way back after visiting Hyeollyungwon, which was his parents’ tombs. His poem is engraved on the memorial stone.

Traditional Chinese Garden in Wolhwawon Garden, Hyowon Park img

Jeju Street was built for Suwon’s sister city, Jeju.
Jeju and Suwon have been maintaining friendly relations since the designation as sister cities in 1997. In commemoration of Suwon Hwaseong Cultural Festival on Citizens’ Day in 1999, Suwon installed dol hareubang donated by Jeju and other sculptures symbolizing Jeju to symbolize the wish for long-lasting friendship and exchanges between the two cities. Suwon built the Jeju Street in 2000.

Traditional Chinese Garden in Wolhwawon Garden, Hyowon Park img

The traditional Chinese garden Wolhwawon Garden of Hyowon Park is a great place to visit in Suwon. It is a tourist destination in Suwon and a place of relaxation for Suwon citizens.
Wolhwawon Garden is a replica of a traditional garden of southern China based on the form of the private gardens of the late Ming and early Qing dynasties.
The stone statues of a lion and lioness sit in front of the main gate. In Chinese private gardens, tiger statues are generally placed on either side of the gate.

Traditional Chinese Garden in Wolhwawon Garden, Hyowon Park img

The wooden building is not very grand in appearance, but shows the features of Chinese gardens of Guangdong well with the harmony of the colors of gray glazed roofing tiles, unique Chinese style craftsmanship, and green brick walls.
The view behind the wall could be seen slightly through the patterns. The unique color of green bricks and the translucent glass wall made me wonder what kind of scenery I would find there.

Traditional Chinese Garden in Wolhwawon Garden, Hyowon Park img

A garden is a yard attached to a house.
It is called yuánlín in China.
The Chinese garden and the building are on one traffic line, which are connected to each other. Contrasts and harmony stand out and spaces are divided with consideration for the entire space in this traditional Chinese garden.
The garden showcases nature and the features of Chinese gardens of Lingnan. You can see the garden from any angle thanks to its open-space character.

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This is a typical pond of a traditional Chinese garden.
Traditional Korean gardens have a small round hill reminiscent of a mountain at the center of a rectangular pond. In a Chinese garden, a rock placed in the rectangular pond disrupts the straight lines.

Traditional Chinese Garden in Wolhwawon Garden, Hyowon Park img

Although it is a small space, it highlights an artificial lake and mountain well with the traditional landscaping techniques of Guangdong, China. It seemed like a small piece of nature from China.
Buyongsa Pavilion, or lotus flower pavilion, was named after buyong, another name for lotus flowers. This structure, based on Chinese garden architecture techniques, is used as a rest area.

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You can see outside through different shapes of open-style windows on the wall. The windows show the uniqueness of Chinese garden architecture. This wall penetrates the space with different patterns.
The round Jichunmun Gate with plantain patterns and the jar-shaped Tungyu through which a beautiful scenery can be seen are derived from the cloud walls of traditional Chinese architecture. I could sense the Chinese architecture from the variety of stone gates without a door and the Sinun acting as an atmospheric scenery door.

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Water falling from an artificial mountain, a stream flowing between the stones, a winding trail and flower garden, Ujeong Pavilion on the artificial mountain, the ship-shaped Wolbang Pavilion, exotic items on a table in a tea room that you can't enter but can see through the window
Wolbang Pavilion looked like a ship floating on the pond.

Traditional Chinese Garden in Wolhwawon Garden, Hyowon Park img

Golden carp and ducks were peacefully swimming in the pond, creating a mysterious ambience.
A low balustrade between the pond and the building helps to lower your mental guard. Wolbang pavilion, which seems to sail on the water, resembles a ship. I have never been to China, but the view of the garden seems to show the characteristics of Chinese gardens where a river and a lake are in harmony with each other.

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The harmony of all of these elements including a fairly high artificial mountain and an artificial lake on flat land gives way to comfort and coziness.
The wonderful Jungyeonjeong Pavilion standing at the top of the mountain plays a pivotal role in Wolhwawon Garden.
Once you go up to Ujeong Pavilion built on the artificial mountain, made by digging the ground and using soil, you can look across the whole garden.
Although the waterfall is not high, the powerful sound of the falling water helps to cool you down amidst the summer heat.

Traditional Chinese Garden in Wolhwawon Garden, Hyowon Park img

Hyowon Park is near Na Hye-sok Street, which was formed to commemorate Na Hye-sok, an exemplary figure among the modern new women and Korea’s first female Western-style painter. In addition, you may visit Gwanggyo Lake Park or the Culture Street where a variety of cultural events are held. You are sure to enjoy your trip to Suwon, the city of culture.


Wolhwawon Garden, Hyowon Park
Address: 399, Dongsuwon-ro, Paldal-gu, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do
Entrance fee: Free