Tourist Attractions per Theme

Heritage Hongyureung Royal Tombs [UNESCO World Heritage]

WriterAdministratorDate11/10/2014

Hongyureung Royal Tombs [UNESCO World Heritage]1
Hongyureung Royal Tombs [UNESCO World Heritage]2
  • Location

    Namyangju

  • Address

    352-1, Hongyureung-ro, Namyangju-si

  • TEL

    +82-31-591-7043

Hongyureung refers to the two royal tombs—Hongneung and Yureung—located in Geumgok-dong, Namyangju-si. It was designated as Historic Site No.207 and receives special protection. Hongneung is the tomb of King Gojong (26th king of Joseon) and his wife, Queen Myeongseong. Japanese assassins killed Queen Myeongseong in 1895. Her deceased body was burned, but it was relocated to Hongneung in 1919. Hongneung followed the burial system of Chinese emperors. Instead of Jeongjagak (the building with a shape of the Chinese character Jeong [丁]), a building with a shape of the Chinese character (一) was erected, and stone sculptures describing a giraffe, elephant, lion, and Haetae (mythical unicorn-lion) were established between Munmuseok (sculptures depicting scholars and military officials) and Hongsalmun (gate with two red cylindrical pillars with no roof).  Yureung is the last royal tomb of the Joseon Dynasty. It is the only tomb of the era burying three persons. From the façade, it looks like a tomb for a single person, but the tomb contains three bodies belonging to King Sunjong (27th king of Joseon), Queen Sunmyeonghyo, and Queen Sunjeonghyo. Like Hongneung, it follows the burial system of Chinese emperors. Although relatively smaller than Hongneung, Yureung is surrounded by stone sculptures that are more artistic and realistic.  The landscape surrounding Hongyureung is quite colorful year-round. It is a great place to enjoy light walking. It has frequently appeared in Korean dramas and movies.